Yeats is considered one of the greatest poets in the English language. He was devoted to the cause of Irish nationalism and played an important part in the Celtic Revival Movement, promoting the literary heritage of Ireland through his use of material from ancient Irish sagas. Further, Yeats employed national themes in his poetry, thereby attempting to restore the cultural unity that he felt was needed to bring an end to Ireland's internal division and suffering.
At the same time, he was a member of the Anglo Irish Ascendancy and flirted with fascist ideas in his old age. This article summarizes some of the most compelling arguments for Yeats as a major postcolonial artist. Even so, they include Ireland within certain points of their discussions.
Yeats spent much of his childhood in Sligo, and repeatedly returned to those memories in his work. After briefly attending art school, Yeats devoted himself both to Irish literature societies in London and Dublin and his own literary development. Maud Gonne, whom Yeats met inwould become the inspiration for most of his love poetry.
In the s, Yeats became fascinated by Irish folklore, and published collections of Irish legends and original poems inspired by mythological Irish figures see Myths of the Native.
This mystical, esoteric group, devoted to the supernatural, supplied Yeats with important symbolic systems. He developed an interest in Indian mysticism. At the Abbey, Yeats sought to create an Irish theater and educate the Irish public by offering a place for the performance of works by Irish dramatists see Postcolonial Performance and Installation Art.
This laudable goal met with difficulties. After discovering ancient Japanese Noh Drama inYeats began to incorporate Noh conventions little scenery, heavy symbolism, stylized movements into his own drama. The Easter Rising ofwhen roughly Irish volunteers took over parts of Dublin and proclaimed an Irish Republic, inspired in Yeats a new nationalism.
The couple had a son and daughter and lived in a Norman castle, Thoor Ballylee. Yeats died in the South of France inand was buried in in Sligo.
The Critics on Yeats and Postcolonialism This section will provide abstracts of a selection of the major critical contributions to the question of Yeats and postcolonialism, arranged chronologically.
For more information on these texts and suggestions for further reading, please see the bibliography. At times Deane finds in Yeats a strong cultural nationalist, but just as often he accuses Yeats of writing out of reductive visions of Ireland. Said ends by placing Yeats somewhere along the way to full postcolonialism: Kiberd offers a reading of the differences between Irish and British definitions of culture: Investigating ideas of culture, and arguing for the search for a new style as a quest for a new self and nation, Kiberd reveals connections between Yeats and Whitman as writers of decolonization.
Ramazani continues to position Yeats with postcolonial, or anticolonial writers: See also Transnationalism and Globalism For more Irish entries see:THE SPIKE.
It was late-afternoon. Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open. We were too tired to talk much.
By Leslie Evans. It is with a certain sadness that I come to write this. George Bernard Shaw, through his plays, was one of my early heroes. I knew only the good of him then. Essay on Pattern, Language, and Shape of Easter Wings - Pattern, Language, and Shape of "Easter Wings" George Herbert, the seventeenth century poet and author, lived and wrote at the dawn of an age of reason, when the English people were students of both the .
William Butler Yeats (13 June – 28 January ) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.A pillar of both the Irish and British literary establishments, he helped to found the Abbey Theatre, and in his later years served as a Senator of the Irish Free State for two terms.
Yeats was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival along with Lady. Course Descriptions English (ENG) To view the complete schedule of courses for each semester, go to Cardinal Station.
ENG H: Writing and Rhetoric. Credits. See also the pages. The poetry of Seamus Heaney: flawed success Seamus Heaney: ethical depth? His responses to the British army during the Troubles in Northern Ireland, bullfighting, the Colosseum, 'pests,' 9/11, IRA punishment, the starving or hungry, the hunger strikers in Northern Ireland.