Tenant Farmers Hoeing a Cotton Field Sharecropping and tenant farming were the dominant economic model of Alabama agriculture from the late-nineteenth century through the onset of World War II. Both terms refer to forms of agriculture conducted by people who did not own the land they worked. These landless farmers worked the plots of other landowners. Although the system reached its zenith during the era of Reconstructiontenancy existed in Alabama prior to the Civil War.
The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development. However, instead of civilization advancing westward as postulated by Turner, it was the "culturally deficient" and "savage" encroachment of the Dust Bowl migrants that now moved westward towards Los Angeles.
The social upheaval and displacement brought on by the Great Depression changed the very concept of the frontier, and the defining characteristics of Americans as travelers to that frontier were no longer applicable to Dust Bowl migrants. Protection of the civilization that existed in the West meant that all savage infringements on the newly developed utopian community of Los Angeles had to be prevented.
Southern Californians, shaped by their imagined community, did not want to relate to Depression-era America, and instead "[separated] themselves and their territory from the governing state as a means for defending their separate identities.
The imagined community is the idea that myths perpetuated through literature and other forms of communication shape the self-perception of individuals, as well as the community they are a part of. It is imagined, according to Benedict Anderson, "because the members of even the smallest nation," or, in this case, region, "will never know most of their fellow-members, meet them, or even hear of them, yet in the minds of each lives the image of their communion.
He has no idea what they are up to at any one time. But he has complete confidence in their steady, anonymous, simultaneous activity. The myth included the idea that Los Angeles was the most civilized community in the West, which made Angelenos resent future migrants who were not as refined as they perceived themselves to be.
Los Angeles was the merging of traditional Protestant and pioneering frontier heritage, which made the area unique and unspoiled, while at the same time entrenched with culture.
Another idea that shaped the imagined community of Angelenos was the special relationship residents of Southern California had with the beautiful natural surroundings; horizons and lands that mimicked the idyllic vistas of Europe.
The Angelenos were the civilizers, the settlers of the untamed and savage West, and their accomplishment in this regard made them hold themselves in high esteem.
These beliefs furthered their perception that other people were inferior to those of their community. While the myths linking Southern Californians are different from myths uniting other regional or national groups, the method in creating the myth, or identity, is the same.
The imagined community of Southern California was created through the literature that characterized the region and united its inhabitants.
For Anderson, the tool to create the imagined community is print-language. InTruman published the promotional treatise Semi-Tropical California, which endorsed California as "a place for the good life," fulfilling both pastoral and urban ideals; it would be "rural but not countrified, hard-working but not too hard-working," and would appeal both to farmers and urbanites seeking a blissful change from the status quo.
The Southern Californian farmer would be "a middle-class horticulturalist [ Frederick Jackson Turner argued that the "section" was just as fundamental in the development of American history as was the frontier.
He stated that "the frontier is a moving section, or rather a form of society, determined by the reactions between the wilderness and the edge of expanding settlement; the section is the outcome of the deeper-seated geographical conditions interacting with the stock which settled the region.
Turner further emphasized that "sections are more important than states in shaping the underlying forces of American history.
Knight, "is taken to mean the awareness of togetherness among a people of a relatively large area. This is because, historically, communities began with "socially cohesive [groups]" defining their own territory. The community would become "politically bounded," to the territory, which in turn "came to define the people," which was epitomized in the self-identities and imagined community of Angelenos.
Considering the vast differences that shaped individuals in the different regions in the territory of the United States, comparisons are drawn between the United States and the collection of nations on the European continent.
Therefore, Southern California was a region linked by more than territory - Southern Californians were linked by the myths perpetuated about their land. Along with rising regional nationalism, Turner argued that "sectional self-consciousness and sensitiveness is likely to be increased as time goes on and crystallized sections feel the full influence of their geographic peculiarities, their special interests, and their developed ideals, in a closed and static nation.
Many Los Angeles residents perceived the so-called "Okies" to be a menace to their imagined community. The migrants were seen as culturally inferior to Angelenos and were distinguished "as a separate and alien social group.
The eugenic claim "that rural isolation and poverty were hallmarks of hereditary inferiority" marked the population of poor whites migrating westward.
They were promptly stereotyped, exactly as a racial minority. They were called Okies and Arkies: Once I went into the foyer of this third-rate motion picture house in Bakersfield and I saw a sign: Negroes and Okies upstairs.
The Okies were seen as ignorant, shifty, and incestuous, while Angelenos considered themselves educated, progressive, and Christian.Start studying byu econ Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In a market or free enterprise economic system, who answers the three basic economic questions?
The marketplace (supply and demand) During the Great Depression, the major reason for farmers receiving low prices for their crops was. “The Great Depression () was the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western industrialized world” (The Great heartoftexashop.com ).
The great depression is said to have begun after the First World War, It was a time of hardship and uncertainty. The Great Depression America had gone through many hard times during the ’s with bank panics, depression and other economic issues, but never did it suffer an economic illness so deep and so long as the Great depression of the ’s.
And, since the causes of the economic crises were complex, the solution to the economic problems facing the United States would be complicated as well. the Great Depression of greatly weakened the nation’s economic systems.
President Roosevelt made many changes in the relationship between the national and state governments, thus. The crash of the stock market in October was not so much the cause of the Great Depression as it was a confirmation that economic conditions in the United States had reached a crisis.
The economic problems were long in the making, and a product of diverse factors that had worsened in the s. The Great, Great, Great, Great Depression. To properly understand the events of the time, it is appropriate to view the Great Depression as not one, but four consecutive depressions rolled into one.