An Allegory of the Tudor Succession, c.
No one inany more than inwould have predicted that—despite the social discord, political floundering, and international humiliation of the past decade—the kingdom again stood on the threshold of an extraordinary reign.
Henry had defied the pope and broken England from the authority of the Roman Catholic Church in order to dissolve his marriage with his first wife, Catherine of Aragonwho had borne him a daughter, Mary.
Before Elizabeth reached her third birthday, her father had her mother beheaded on charges of adultery and treason. Apparently, the king was undeterred by the logical inconsistency of simultaneously invalidating the marriage and accusing his wife of adultery.
The emotional impact of these events on the little girl, who had been brought up from infancy in a separate household at Hatfield, is not known; presumably, no one thought it worth recording.
What was noted was her precocious seriousness; at six years old, it was admiringly observed, she had as much gravity as if she had been Despite his capacity for monstrous cruelty, Henry VIII treated all his children with what contemporaries regarded as affection; Elizabeth was present at ceremonial occasions and was declared third in line to the throne.
Under a series of distinguished tutors, of whom the best known is the Cambridge humanist Roger AschamElizabeth received the rigorous education normally reserved for male heirs, consisting of a course of studies centring on classical languages, history, rhetoricand moral philosophy.
Thus steeped in the secular learning of the Renaissance, the quick-witted and intellectually serious princess also studied theology, imbibing the tenets of English Protestantism in its formative period. Her association with the Reformation is critically important, for it shaped the future course of the nation, but it does not appear to have been a personal passion: Her guardian, the dowager queen Catherine Parr, almost immediately married Thomas Seymourthe lord high admiral.
In Januaryshortly after the death of Catherine Parr, Thomas Seymour was arrested for treason and accused of plotting to marry Elizabeth in order to rule the kingdom.
Repeated interrogations of Elizabeth and her servants led to the charge that even when his wife was alive Seymour had on several occasions behaved in a flirtatious and overly familiar manner toward the young princess.
Under humiliating close questioning and in some danger, Elizabeth was extraordinarily circumspect and poised. When she was told that Seymour had been beheaded, she betrayed no emotion.
This attempt, along with her unpopular marriage to the ardently Catholic king Philip II of Spain, aroused bitter Protestant opposition. For though, as her sister demanded, she conformed outwardly to official Catholic observance, she inevitably became the focus and the obvious beneficiary of plots to overthrow the government and restore Protestantism.
Two months later, after extensive interrogation and spying had revealed no conclusive evidence of treason on her part, she was released from the Tower and placed in close custody for a year at Woodstock.
The difficulty of her situation eased somewhat, though she was never far from suspicious scrutiny. It was a sustained lesson in survival through self-discipline and the tactful manipulation of appearances.
Many Protestants and Roman Catholics alike assumed that her self-presentation was deceptive, but Elizabeth managed to keep her inward convictions to herself, and in religion as in much else they have remained something of a mystery. There is with Elizabeth a continual gap between a dazzling surface and an interior that she kept carefully concealed.
Observers were repeatedly tantalized with what they thought was a glimpse of the interior, only to find that they had been shown another facet of the surface.
She learned her lesson well.- at the start of Elizabeth's time big difference between rich Theatre in Elizabethan times - seeing a play or going to the theatre a popular form of ente.
Queen Elizabeth was well educated, spoke several languages, and wrote poetry and music. All poets and dramatists of the time paid their respects to the Queen, and Spenser’s Faierie Queene is probably the most elaborate example of that.
Elizabeth enjoyed the theater, patronized it, and attended some of Shakespeare’s plays.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (–).
Historians often depict it . English 4 Unit Test. STUDY. PLAY. In this excerpt, Queen Elizabeth says "for the weal, good and safety whereof, I will never shun to spend my life" in order to convince her audience that she is unbiased, intelligent, and rarely makes mistakes.
Difficulty in food transportation limited food availability. There are records of A Midsummer Night's Dream, Macbeth and others being performed at court for Elizabeth's successor, James I, who had become the patron of Shakespeare's company.
Elizabeth I, bynames the Virgin Queen and Good Queen Bess, (born September 7, , Greenwich, near London, England—died March 24, , Richmond, Surrey), queen of England (–) during a period, often called the Elizabethan Age, when England asserted itself vigorously as a major European power in politics, commerce, and the arts.