The Argument Is it possible for a machine to be intelligent?
References Introduction Transference and countertransference can contribute to positive therapeutic outcomes in non-analytic therapy as much as in analytic therapy. They can also contribute to negative outcomes and treatment failure. If existential, cognitive-behavioral, or any other non-analytically oriented therapists fail to notice these displaced phenomena at work in their sessions, they are limited in their ability to help their clients move beyond their one-sided, individualistic accounts of problematic relationships and events outside of therapy.
Then, as therapists sensitively share their insights and invite corroboration or correction, clients can begin to realize that what is in fact transpiring in therapy is very similar, if not identical, to the unresolved conflicts at the heart of their problems.
With this balanced, integrated insight, they can more realistically resolve their conflicts. They can heal themselves from within and change their relationships with others.
This course explores manifestations of transference and countertransference in words, feelings, dreams, fantasies, daydreams, and behavior. It is intended to help clinicians identify the subtle, covert ways in which transference and countertransference reveal themselves.
This course is also designed to sensitize therapists to transcultural and intracultural phenomena that mediate and moderate transference and countertransference manifestations. Equally important, this course describes the five tasks of diagnosing and interpreting transference and countertransference.
It also defines the overarching responsibility of therapists to monitor their work as they diagnose and interpret transference and countertransference to their clients. Finally, this course delineates what therapists can do to make their interpretive work as effective as possible, namely, invite their clients to join in the interpretive process.
It describes how transference and countertransference interpretations should be worded as well as an attitude therapists must have if they want to make their work benevolent as well as fruitful. This course concludes with information about when, how often, and to whom transference and countertransference can be safely interpreted.
This is the second course in a two-part series, based on the book Transference and Countertransference in Non-Analytic Therapy: Double-Edged Swords by Judith A.
University Press of America, Manifestations of Transference and Countertransference Challenges Inherent in Identifying Transference and Countertransference Transference and countertransference challenge therapists in at least three major ways.
They cannot discover it by making use of their logical, conscious mind. Second, because manifestations of transference and countertransference are a source of data but not a source of evidence Smith,therapists cannot simply take them at face value.
They suggest what is probably going on but cannot be used in and of themselves to prove what is going on. They must subject them to decoding and interpretation. Third, therapists must not forget that transferred material is characterized both by similarities across cultures and differences among cultures.
Roles of women, for instance, are similar yet distinctive in Asian cultures and American cultures, in Islam and Christianity, in the eyes of adolescents and those of senior citizens.Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin He calls his argument the "Chinese Room Argument." [NOTE: Searle actually believes that his argument works against "non-classical" computers as well, but it is best to start with the digital computers with which we are all most familiar.].
Turing, Searle, and Artificial Intelligence Essay. Length: words ( double-spaced pages) Rating: Strong Essays Open Document.
In this paper we try to show why it is inadequate to approach emotions within a pragma-dialectic or propositional approach to argument. We confine ourselves to . Discussion of Searle's case against strong AI has usually focused upon his Chinese Room thought-experiment.
In this paper, however, I expound and then try to refute what I call his abstract argument against strong AI, an argument which turns upon quite general considerations concerning programs.
Philosophical Arguments Against “Strong” AI 2 •Searle’s response is that strong AI is committed to the use of digital computers and that he has no argument against intelligence based on potential alternative physical systems .