See Article History Alternative Titles: Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr. Ali was the first fighter to win the world heavyweight championship on three separate occasions; he successfully defended this title 19 times.
From Slavery to Freedom. He was dyslexicwhich led to difficulties in reading and writing, at school and for much of his life. His mother recalled one occasion when he was denied a drink of water at a store—"They wouldn't give him one because of his color.
That really affected him. Ali won gold against Zbigniew Pietrzykowski and bronze medalist. Ali was first directed toward boxing by Louisville police officer and boxing coach Joe E.
Martin who encountered the year-old fuming over a thief's having taken his bicycle. He told the officer he was going to "whup" the thief. The officer told Clay he had better learn how to box first.
He won by split decision. Ali said in his autobiography that shortly after his return from the Rome Olympics, he threw his gold medal into the Ohio River after he and a friend were refused service at a "whites-only" restaurant and fought with a white gang.
The story was later disputed, and several of Ali's friends, including Bundini Brown and photographer Howard Binghamdenied it. Professional boxing Early career On-site poster for Cassius Clay's fifth professional bout Clay made his professional debut on October 29,winning a six-round decision over Tunney Hunsaker.
From then until the end ofClay amassed a record of 19—0 with 15 wins by knockout. Clay also beat his former trainer Muhammad ali and the media veteran boxer Archie Moore in a match. Clay was knocked down by both Sonny Banks and Cooper.
In the Cooper fight, Clay was floored by a left hook at the end of round four and was saved by the bell, going on to win in the predicted 5th round due to Cooper's severely cut eye.
The fight with Doug Jones on March 13, was Clay's toughest fight during this stretch. Jones staggered Clay in the first round, and the unanimous decision for Clay was greeted by boos and a rain of debris thrown into the ring.
Watching on closed-circuit TV, heavyweight champ Sonny Liston quipped that if he fought Clay he might get locked up for murder. The fight was later named "Fight of the Year" by The Ring magazine.
He called Jones "an ugly little man" and Cooper a "bum. To replace Moore, Clay hired Angelo Dundee to be his trainer. Clay had met Dundee in February during Clay's amateur career.
The fight was set for February 25,in Miami Beach. Liston was an intimidating personality, a dominating fighter with a criminal past and ties to the mob. Based on Clay's uninspired performance against Jones and Cooper in his previous two fights, and Liston's destruction of former heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson in two first-round knock outs, Clay was a 7—1 underdog.
Despite this, Clay taunted Liston during the pre-fight buildup, dubbing him "the big ugly bear", stating "Liston even smells like a bear" and claiming "After I beat him I'm going to donate him to the zoo.
The outcome of the fight was a major upset. At the opening bell, Liston rushed at Clay, seemingly angry and looking for a quick knockout.
However, Clay's superior speed and mobility enabled him to elude Liston, making the champion miss and look awkward. At the end of the first round, Clay opened up his attack and hit Liston repeatedly with jabs.
Liston fought better in round two, but at the beginning of the third round Clay hit Liston with a combination that buckled his knees and opened a cut under his left eye. This was the first time Liston had ever been cut. At the end of round four, Clay was returning to his corner when he began experiencing blinding pain in his eyes and asked his trainer, Angelo Dundeeto cut off his gloves.
It has been speculated that the problem was due to ointment used to seal Liston's cuts, perhaps deliberately applied by his corner to his gloves. In the sixth, Clay dominated, hitting Liston repeatedly.
Liston did not answer the bell for the seventh round, and Clay was declared the winner by TKO. Liston stated that the reason he quit was an injured shoulder. Following the win, a triumphant Clay rushed to the edge of the ring and, pointing to the ringside press, shouted: I shook up the world.
I'm the prettiest thing that ever lived. However, Floyd Patterson remained the youngest to win the heavyweight championship, doing so at the age 21 during an elimination bout following Rocky Marciano 's retirement. Mike Tyson broke both records in when he defeated Trevor Berbick to win the heavyweight title at age On June 3, the world lost a legend with the passing of Muhammad Ali at the age of 74 due to a respiratory issue.
Known for being controversial in and out of the boxing ring, he was an inspiration. From ESPN to The New York Times, a look at how Muhammad Ali was covered by the media. From Michael Oriard, "Muhammad Ali: The Hero in the Age of Mass Media," in Muhammad Ali: The People's Champion, ed.
Elliott Gorn (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, ), 5, 8 . Jun 05, · Watch video · Hana Ali tweet. Yet as news of his death spread on Saturday, social media users issued a blizzard of punches and counter punches over the most controversial parts of the boxer's heartoftexashop.com: Javier E.
David. Incomparable athlete and engaging activist, Muhammad Ali lived his triumphant life on television. With a savvy understanding about the impact of media, Ali thrilled audiences with his unparalleled boxing skills, while challenging them on such pressing issues as race and war.
Before Muhammad Ali was Muhammad Ali, he was known as Cassius Clay, a young boxer from Louisville, Kentucky who developed a dazzling style in the ring.
In , as an 18 year-old, he had won the Olympic light heavyweight title.
A man who knew what he wanted at an early age, Muhammad Ali was a superb athlete who trained hard and knew how to dominate the media to his advantage. As a young champion, he was as entertaining as he was athletically gifted. Weeks after that Feb. 25, , win, the champ had a new religion, Islam, and a new name, Muhammad Ali. When the media rejected his new identity, Ali hit back hard as Alexandra Sims noted in a. From Michael Oriard, "Muhammad Ali: The Hero in the Age of Mass Media," in Muhammad Ali: The People's Champion, ed. Elliott Gorn (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, ), 5, 8 .