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Introduction Two vessels collided on august near Gibraltar in Spain resulting in a sea disaster and oil spill. Sea Spirit along with the Norwegian gas tanker collided head on causing a spill of about Tons of oil. Oil contamination in the marine spread far, even reaching the Moroccan coast in form of cakes, tar balls, and oil packs.
Similar to this disaster is the major oil spill that occurred on July in near Trinidad and Tobago caused by the Atlantic Empress.
The spill allegedly resulted in the largest oil spill of ,Metric tons of oil ever to be recorded. The disaster was never totally remedied since during pull away from the scene, the tanker continued to spill an additional substantial amount of oil.
Conversely, the Aegean Captain also Maritime thesis large amount of oil. Some moments later on, Atlantic Empress sank deeply with its cargo remaining solidified. However, the spill from the two ships never reached the shores of the ocean.
Similarities in environmental effects In terms of ecological contamination, Both Sea Spirit and Atlantic Empress caused major impacts on sea animal and plant life. Sea birds became highly affected dipping the Maritime thesis capacity among such animals.
Birds became highly vulnerable to temperature changes and less buoyant in water. The two oil spills contributed to huge impairments and disabilities related to flight in aquatic birds Horn and Nealpara 3. In fact, species found it hard to escape from predators.
Research shows that the spillage especially from the Atlantic Empress led to the ingestion of oil by birds and covering on their feathers. This caused kidney damage, digestive system problems, as well as liver functionality among the victimized animals.
The two disasters also attracted scientists who wanted to explore the far-reaching effects of oil spill on both human and marine life. Marine scientist realized that the disasters caused metabolic problems and dehydration to birds of the sea.
Sea animals with a lot of fur were also affected in related ways as well. Sea spirit oil spill and Atlantic Empress oil disaster caused massive deaths of animals, fish, and birds.
Global reaction The two incidents caused severe damaging effects on archaeological, high-use, and recreational sites. Examples include shorelines, ports, marine sanctuaries, and natural reserves. Immense losses were also realized in connection to these effects. Tourist and recreational activities were in jeopardy as the major hospitality operations became seriously affected.
Many governments raised environmental concerns and documented procedures to curtail the disaster. For instance, in the case of Atlantic Empress, the U. S government played a paramount role in guaranteeing that the disaster was duly controlled to avoid further loss of life on the vulnerable sea creatures.
Similarly, in during the Sea Spirit disaster, the government of Spain became responsible for the spillage and undertook measures to ensure that no more environmental issues were coming up as a result of the spillage Horn and Nealpara 3. Again, the two accidents resulted in the enactment of strict laws governing oil transportation in the sea.
For example, during the case of the Atlantic Empress, the U. S government implemented laws to ensure that any ship transporting oil across the sea or ocean must be fully insured. The cover is intended to cover expenses and environmental losses associated with oil spill.
Nation states affected by the two oil spills reacted with some degree of apprehension especially on matters of environment. For example, the Atlantic Empress oil spill caused uproar among the affected countries.Maritime Law thesis writing service to help in custom writing a graduate Maritime Law thesis for a doctoral thesis research proposal.
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piracy effective? This thesis argues that the United States current strategy for combating piracy is ineffective because the social and economic factor that contribute to piracy in the Horn of Africa are not adequately addressed.
The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (French: Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI).
The Maritimes had a population of 1,, in The thesis is the final project of the MEL MSc and it combines various aspects of the programme with our students’ own expertise. Throughout the past years remarkable work has been done and theses with a grade high enough are published in the university library.
The maritime education and training sector: beyond traditional quality management, Htet Khaing Kyi Lin. (Maritime Education & Training, Myanmar. PDF Harnessing the potentials of blue economy for sustainable development of Nigeria, Hammed Damilare Ibrahim.