Both of these languages are more than years old.
Indo-Aryan language family[ edit ] Indo-Aryan language subgroups Urdu is included under Hindi The largest of the language families represented in India, in terms of speakers, is the Indo-Aryan language familya branch of the Indo-Iranian familyitself the easternmost, extant subfamily of the Indo-European language family.
This language family predominates, accounting for some million speakers, or over India language language family[ edit ] The second largest language family India language the Dravidian language familyaccounting for some million speakers, or approximately Austroasiatic languages of mainland India are the Khasi and Munda languagesincluding Santhali.
The languages of the Nicobar islands also form part of this language family. With the exceptions of Khasi and Santhali, all Austroasiatic languages on Indian territory are endangered. However, their interrelationships are not discernible, and the family has been described as "a patch of leaves on the forest floor" rather than with the conventional metaphor of a "family tree".
Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in India include the scheduled languages Meitei and Bodothe non-scheduled languages of KarbiLepchaand many varieties of several related TibeticWest HimalayishTaniBrahmaputranAngami—PochuriTangkhulZemeKukish language groups, amongst many others.
Tai-Kadai language family[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Ahom languagea Southwestern Tai languagehad been once the dominant language of the Ahom Kingdom in modern-day Assambut was later replaced by the Assamese language known as Kamrupi in ancient era which is the pre-form of the Kamrupi dialect of today.
Nowadays, small Tai communities and their languages remain in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh together with Sino-Tibetans, e. Great Andamanese language family[ edit ] The extinct and endangered languages of the Andaman Islands form a fifth Andamanese-comprising two families, namely: In addition, Sentinelesean unattested language of the Andaman Islands, is generally considered to be related and part of the aerial group.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. January Learn how and when to remove this template message The language families in India are not necessarily related to the various ethnic groups in India, specifically the Indo-Aryan and Dravidian people.
The languages within each family have been influenced to a large extent by both families.
Urdu has also had a significant influence on many of today's Indian languages. In terms of the written script, most Indian languages, except the Tamil script, nearly perfectly accommodate the Sanskrit language. South Indian languages have adopted new letters to write various Indo-Aryan based words as well, and have added new letters to their native alphabets as the languages began to mix and influence each other.
Though various Indo-Aryan and Dravidian languages may seem mutually exclusive when first heard, there is a much deeper underlying influence that both language families have had on each other down to a linguistic science.
There is proof of the intermixing of Dravidian and Indo-Aryan languages through the pockets of Dravidian-based languages on remote areas of Pakistan, and interspersed areas of North India.
In addition, there is a whole science regarding the tonal and cultural expression within the languages that are quite standard across India. Languages may have different vocabulary, but various hand and tonal gestures within two unrelated languages can still be common due to cultural amalgamations between invading people and the natives over time; in this case, the Indo-Aryan peoples and the native Dravidian people.Nov 04, · The easiest way to get language packs for Windows , Windows 8, Windows RT , and Windows RT is to download and install them using the Language Control Panel.
Download and install additional languages to view menus, dialog boxes, and other user interface items in your preferred language. That means Hindi is the official language of the Republic of India and English will be used as associate/provisional language for all official purposes.
Official Languages No of Indian languages with the status of official languages – The Indian Constitution does not specify official languages for 29 states and 7 union territories of India. An introduction: There are 22 major languages in India, written in 13 different scripts, with over dialects.
The official Indian languages . Indian languages: Indian languages, languages spoken in the state of India, generally classified as belonging to the following families: Indo-European (the Indo-Iranian branch in particular), Dravidian, Austroasiatic (Munda in particular), and Sino-Tibetan (Tibeto-Burman in particular).
Nov 04, · The easiest way to get language packs for Windows , Windows 8, Windows RT , and Windows RT is to download and install them using the Language Control Panel. Download and install additional languages to view menus, dialog boxes, and other user interface items in your preferred language. Urdu had 70 million speakers in India (as per the Census of ), and, along with Hindi, is one of the 22 officially recognised regional languages of India and also an official language in the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Telangana that . The main languages in South India are Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and heartoftexashop.com are all Dravidian languages and, therefore, share structural heartoftexashop.com of the vocabulary was borrowed from languages such as Hindi, so there are often only different pronunciations and slight shifts in meaning. Indian alphabet. Hindi and many Indian languages use the Devanagari alphabet, which was .
Of the hundreds of languages. English language is the commonly used official language of India. It enjoys a special status and remains the additional official language of India.
It is also the authoritative legislative and judicial language. Apart from the more widely spoken English and Hindi, there are the various regional languages as well.
Languages belonging to the two major language families - Indo Aryan and Dravidian - are spoken by more than 90% of the people of India.
Know more about the languages of India with India Language Map.