Top of Page Describe the organism s used in the study. This includes giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, 4 how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment.
Contact How to Write a Literature Review A literature review is a specific type of research paper that focuses on published literature on a given topic.
It is often the first step in doing original research, either scientific or otherwise. It is more than a mere summary of the literature, however, as it presents analysis, patterns, and critiques of individual sources, groups of sources, and the body of literature as a whole.
Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources e. The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic that critically analyzes a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles.
Someone reading a literature review should gain an understanding of trends, issues, unresolved questions, controversies, and the importance of the scholarly knowledge related to a specific question topic. The literature review format can vary by disciplineaccording to the purpose for the review, or with different venues for publication.
A review may be an end in itself or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research. A review is usually a required part of grant and research proposals and often a chapter in theses and dissertations.
Stages in conducting a literature review: What specific question will you research? What are the components within the question? An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of writing the literature review Division of works under review into categories e.
In every element of the literature review, it is essential to use correct English grammar and spelling. It will also help you correct punctuation. In addition, with its dictionary, thesaurus, and writing enhancement tools, WhiteSmoke will allow you to write precisely what you mean to say.
Its online, all-in-one-solution will make writing a literature review easier than ever. A common format for writing a literature review: Define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern, thus providing an appropriate context for reviewing the literature.
Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic; or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions; or gaps in research and scholarship; or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest. Group research studies and other types of literature reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc.
Summarize individual studies or articles with as much or as little detail as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature, remembering that space length denotes significance.
In assessing each piece, consideration should be given to: Does the work ultimately contribute in any significant way to an understanding of the subject? Provide the reader with strong "umbrella" sentences at beginnings of paragraphs, "signposts" throughout, and brief "so what" summary sentences at intermediate points in the review to aid in understanding comparisons and analyses.
Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction.
Evaluate the current "state of the art" for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out major methodological flaws or gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues pertinent to future study.
Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession.
Place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the subject under review 3. Describe the relationship of each work to the others under consideration 4. Identify new ways to interpret, and shed light on, any gaps in previous research 5.
Resolve conflicts among seemingly contradictory previous studies 6. Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort 7. Point the way forward for further research 8. Always use WhiteSmoke English grammar software to check your grammar.An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class.
As you review their paper, read the side notes and examine the. How to Write a Research Paper. When studying at higher levels of school and throughout college, you will likely be asked to prepare research papers. A research paper can be used for exploring and identifying scientific, technical and.
HOW TO WRITE A LITERATURE REVIEW. Will G Hopkins PhD. Department of Physiology and School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin , New . Section Headings: Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized, centered at the beginning of the section, and double spaced from the lines above and heartoftexashop.com not underline the section heading OR put a colon at the end.
Example of a main section heading.
BACKGROUND. This article is written in the form of a literature review for the journal Sportscience. A few of the requirements for form and content are unique to Sportscience, but most are common to all good scientific journals.
Next, I'll review each step in more detail. But before you set out to write a paper, there are two important things you should do that will set the groundwork for the entire process.