Gender and Violence through a Hegemonic Masculinity Lens:
|Gender and Violence through a Hegemonic Masculinity Lens: A Reflection from South Africa||Taking place in the domestic sphere, the details of many of these cases were scant presumably out of respect for the surviving family members.|
|Toronto van attack and beyond: Why the idea of a ‘masculinity crisis’ to explain violence is bogus||In some areas, he explained, elephant populations grow too large. So park rangers have two options:|
Toronto, April 23, A man drives a van into a group of pedestrianskilling eight women and two men and injuring several others. The ghost of Montreal On Dec. More recently in Norway, neo-Nazi Anders Breivik killed dozens of young members of the Socialist Party, explaining in his manifesto that feminists are threatening the virility of Western civilization.
Crisis or crisis rhetoric? Others have made the same observation, including Jie Yang, who studied masculinity crisis rhetoric in post-Maoist China. Yang deplores the fact that the majority of studies on the so-called crisis of masculinity are based on material from newspapers, novels, films and interviews: It brings the attention of authorities and Explaining the crisis of masculinity opinion to those supposedly in crisis in this case, menallowing them to present themselves as victims and therefore in need of help resources, services, etc.
It also enables the root causes of the alleged crisis to be identified and delegitimized in this case, feminists and women. It can even be used to justify mass murder and glorify the memory of murderers, presented as heroes, rebels or members of the resistance.
The 20th century seems to be dogged by a continuous crisis of masculinity, including in the Eastern Bloc, both during the Cold War and after liberalization.
It was used as a means to criticize mothers and wives depicted as dominating, and to chastise women who did not conform to strictly laid-out female roles in the way they dressed or did their hair, carried firearms or practised traditionally masculine professions.
Demonstrably, the notion of a crisis of masculinity can be used to substantiate a plethora of contradictory claims. The rhetoric can be reoriented, depending on the context: They are intellectuals, psychologists and social workers, but also activists from groups of separated or divorced fathersChristian organizations who run men-only retreatsand white supremacists in the neo-fascist networks.
A risk factor The rhetoric of the crisis of masculinity offers an opportunity to reaffirm a radical division of humanity into men and women, to associate masculinity with certain stereotyped qualities action, competitiveness, aggressiveness and violence and claim that femininity is at once different, inferior and dangerous to men, since the feminine influence is cast as pathological and liable to lead to the decline or even the disappearance of men.
Yet if we look closely at studies of the symptoms supposedly arising from a crisis of masculinity — suicides, difficulty in school, divorce, etc.
In the case of suicides, for example, the high rates for men can be explained, among other things, by the idea that virility and firearms go hand-in-hand, and by the overlap between masculine and professional identity, leaving men more vulnerable in the case of unemployment. Epidemiologists also note that suicide rates rise in times of economic crisisa phenomenon that cannot be attributed to women, since they do not run the economy.
Even more troubling, the notion of a crisis in masculinity implies that equality is a feminine value that threatens male identity. In this framework, masculine identity is above all a political identity, associated with privileges in the bedroom, the boardroom, etc.
This discourse is right out of the male supremacist playbook, drawing on the same ideas that might have motivated attacks like that in Toronto.
This article was originally published in French.After discussing the production context of the artifact and explaining the crisis of masculinity, I will analyze the artifact with the neo-Aristotelian method of rhetorical criticism.
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This text introduces students to the research, theories, and basic issues in the field of Men and Masculinities, highlighting debates about the definition, origin, and the crisis in masculinity. The author provides a framework for studying the field of masculinities incorporating feminist, social constructionist, and interdisciplinary perspectives.
The Crisis of Masculinity and the Outbreak of the First World War Malcolm Mafi Explaining World War I (London: The Penguin Press, ). Sean McMeekin, The Russian Origins of the First World War (Cambridge: The Crisis of Masculinity. Malcolm Mafi, or. The notion of a 'crisis of masculinity” clouds the understanding of complex social phenomena and falsely asserts a vision of humanity as being radically divided between men and women.
Jun 17, · In many countries the alpha male’s -the hegemonic masculinity – desire to dominate and fight has led to war, following famine and societies in political crisis. South Africa, for example, is regarded as one of the world most violent countries.
The Crisis of Masculinity On a recent episode of The Art of Charm Podcast, Craig Wilkinson shared an illuminating story about his native South Africa.
Keywords: murder-suicide, familicide, mass murder, school shooting, workplace killings, homicide-suicide, masculinity, men’s mental illness Ervin Lupoe was an ordinary year-old family man who along with his wife worked as a medical technician at the Kaiser Permanente hospital in West Lost Angeles. The decline of manufacturing and crisis of masculinity only affects working class boys, possibly explaining their achievement relative to girls, but middle class girls outperform middle class boys too, who are less likely to associate masculinity with factory work. Masculinity (also called manhood or manliness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with boys and heartoftexashop.com a social construct, it is distinct from the definition of the male biological sex. Standards of manliness or masculinity vary across different cultures and historical periods. Both males and females can exhibit masculine traits and behavior.
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