In his conception, memory is much more than the faculty of passive recollection. Instead, the act of remembrance seizes up the meaning of the lived past in a moment of creative vitality, assessing it in the urgency of a consciousness in contact with the eternal. Born in an aristocratic family in Kiev, Nikolai Berdiaev — lived through the cataclysmic events of the first half of a century whose aftershocks still haunt us.
Flame 52 Disputed 2 points There is a problem with the evolutionary ethics. That is, there are other elements of morality that cannot be explained in this way.
The blackbox in the plane revealed that after the passengers learned through their cell phone conversations with family and friends, that the hijackers were using the planes to crash buildings, they decided to commit self-sacrfice to save people.
According to the evolutionary ethics, those who give up their lives for others are eliminated from the gene pool. It is a trait that natural selection not only does not encourage but should even eliminate from society.
The selfish are more likely to survive and reproduce than are the selfless.
Morals appear to have a hierarchy property. There always seems to be a greater good or lesser evil to choose between. In this case, the passengers of flight 93 is a perfect example of that.
Hijacking was wrong, but to hijack a plane for the purpose of killing thousands is a far more egregious wrong. It could not have been just "opinions" that prompted them to do that. Certainly not the "genes" that evolution described as "selfish". There is great agreement on moral issues and one of them is "self-sacrifice".
If that was not the case, than why where they honored with a memorial, etc.?
There is a great moral agreement that transcends time and culture for "self-less" and that selfish are frowned upon. Hence, evolutionary ethics does not reflect reality. Even Richard Dawkins, the foremost advocate of evolution theory, recognize this in his book, "the Selfish Gene".
Read his own words: But unfortunately, however much we may deplore something, it does not stop it being true Be warned that if you wish, as I do, to build a society in which individuals cooperate generously and unselfishly towards a common good, you can expect little help from biological nature.
Let us try to teach generosity and altruism, because we are born selfish.Considered one of Russia’s greatest philosophers, Vladimir Soloviev (–) was also a theologian, historian, poet, and social and political critic.
His works have emerged to enjoy renewed attention in post–Soviet Russia, and his concerns echo in contemporary discussions of politics, law, and morality. Politics (from Greek: πολιτικός politikos, meaning "of, for, or relating to citizens") is the practice and theory of influencing other people on a global, civic or individual heartoftexashop.com narrowly, it refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance — organized control over .
More than that, however, I argued that liberal democracy may constitute the “end point of mankind’s ideological evolution” and the “final form of human government,” and as such constituted the “end of history.”.
Books in the Jacques Maritain Center at Notre Dame Other Books: S Sacchi, Mario Enrique. A Study of Kant's Philosophy and Politics.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, Sherif, An Essay on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. London: Methuen and Co., Vladimir Soloviev, Professor Vladimir Wozniuk-Politics, Law, And Morality_ Essays by v.
S. Soloviev-Yale University Press () The Rage Against God by Peter Hitchens, Excerpt My Philosophy. Heretical christology aside, Nikolai Berdiaev's reflections on freedom and Dostoyevsky are interesting.
This essay considers such existentialist topics.