For the values that characterize Western thought are not self-executing. They have never been universally accepted in the societies most closely identified with them, nor are their implications by any means so clear and unambiguous that the course to be followed in particular situations is self-evident. On the contrary, these values are potentially contradictory, and the clash of interests to be found in the real world is so sharp that the nature of the governmental structures through which decisions are arrived at is critically important for the actual content of these decisions. The great theme of the advocates of constitutionalism, in contrast either to theorists of utopianism, or of absolutism, of the right or of the left, has been the frank acknowledgment of the role of government in society, linked with the determination to bring that government under control and to place limits on the exercise of its power.
A middle childhood teacher might have his students select different color tiles to show repetition in a patterning task.
Visit the video excerpts below to view multiple examples of these teachers the standard: Mathematically proficient students consider the available tools when solving a mathematical problem. These tools might include pencil and paper, concrete models, a ruler, a protractor, a calculator, a spreadsheet, a computer algebra system, a statistical package, or dynamic geometry software.
Proficient students are sufficiently familiar with tools appropriate for their grade or course to make sound decisions about when each of these tools might be helpful, recognizing both the insight to be gained and their limitations.
For example, mathematically proficient high school students analyze graphs of functions and solutions generated using a graphing calculator. They detect possible errors by strategically using estimation and other mathematical knowledge.
When making mathematical models, they know that technology can enable them to visualize the results of varying assumptions, explore consequences, and compare predictions with data. Mathematically proficient students at various grade levels are able to identify relevant external mathematical resources, such as digital content located on a website, and use them to pose or solve problems.
They are able to use technological tools to explore and deepen their understanding of concepts. These tools might include pencil and paper, concrete models….
How many hot dogs can they each have? Her students then share with their partners, explaining their approach. These tools might include pencil and paper…[or] a calculator….
Erika Isomura works with her 5th graders to develop their understanding of how decimals work. As the pairs work, Erika circulates around the classroom and probes their thinking e. Did that make sense? These tools might include pencil and paper, concrete models Proficient students are sufficiently familiar with tools appropriate for their grade or course to make sound decisions about when each of these tools might be helpful Fran Dickinson leads a lesson on numeric patterning, helping students to investigate a numeric pattern and to generalize what they see happening as the pattern grows.
Antoinette Villarin transitions her students to a matching activity, having her students use a recording sheet to make sense of different quantities and representations, find models, match graphs, and explain their justifications for the match.
She distributes a stack of twelve graphs that represent the flow of liquid between containers, and challenges students to match the two graphs that show movement for a given pair of containers.
She notes that for some cards, information has intentionally been left out, and recommends that students begin with the cards that have complete information. She reminds her students that they are trying to build a mathematical argument, so they must explain to their partner why a given pair of cards is a match, and the partner in turn needs to agree or disagree with each explanation.Arguing is exciting.
Think courtroom dramas.
If Law & Order can stay popular for twenty seasons, then why does argument writing sometimes fall a bit flat? I find that we often limit students a bit by making them focus on five paragraph essays and unrelatable topics.
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Here. English Language Arts Standards Download the standards Print this page The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects (“the standards”) represent the next generation of K–12 standards designed to prepare all students for success in college, career, and life by the time they graduate from high school.
The WRIIT Library. Visit the WRIIT Library to access annotated and scored sample student essays, learning progressions, comprehensive lessons based on WRIIT practice prompts, skills-based lessons, mentor text suggestions, anchor charts, graphic organizers for student brainstorming, and much more!
Mathematically proficient students consider the available tools when solving a mathematical problem. These tools might include pencil and paper, concrete models, a ruler, a protractor, a calculator, a spreadsheet, a computer algebra system, a statistical package, or dynamic geometry software.
Adding descriptive words are tricky! Students will receive a variety of synonyms for 28 commonly used words! These charts and thesaurus booklet will increase depth and creativity in student word choice and writing!