An overview of the politics and culture of the 1960s hippie movement

Attitudes toward sexuality appeared to loosen, and women began to openly protest the traditional roles of housewife and mother that society had assigned to them. Leaders of the SDS believed that colleges were a natural base from which to promote social change. Before opposition to the Vietnam War mushroomed, issues that touched on student freedom, such as dress codes, course requirements, discrimination by sororities and fraternities, and minority admissions, were hot topics on campus.

An overview of the politics and culture of the 1960s hippie movement

A hippie-painted Volkswagen Beetle A July Time magazine study on hippie philosophy credited the foundation of the hippie movement with historical precedent as far back as the Sadhu of India, the spiritual seekers who had renounced the world by taking " Sannyas ".

Even the counterculture of the Ancient Greeksespoused by philosophers like Diogenes of Sinope and the Cynics were also early forms of hippie culture. Francis of AssisiGandhiand J. Between anda German youth movement arose as a countercultural reaction to the organized social and cultural clubs that centered around German folk music.

Known as Der Wandervogel "wandering bird"the hippie movement opposed the formality of traditional German clubs, instead emphasizing amateur music and singing, creative dress, and communal outings involving hiking and camping.

Some opened the first health food storesand many moved to southern California where they could practice an alternative lifestyle in a warm climate. Over time, young Americans adopted the beliefs and practices of the new immigrants. One group, called the "Nature Boys", took to the California desert and raised organic food, espousing a back-to-nature lifestyle like the Wandervogel.

American tourists in Thailand, early s Like Wandervogel, the hippie movement in the United States began as a youth movement. Composed mostly of white teenagers and young adults between 15 and 25 years old, [24] [25] hippies inherited a tradition of cultural dissent from bohemians and beatniks of the Beat Generation in the late s.

Byhippies had become an established social group in the U. They used alternative arts, street theatrefolk musicand psychedelic rock as a part of their lifestyle and as a way of expressing their feelings, their protests and their vision of the world and life. The Merry Pranksters were known for using cannabisamphetamineand LSDand during their journey they "turned on" many people to these drugs.

The Merry Pranksters filmed and audio taped their bus trips, creating an immersive multimedia experience that would later be presented to the public in the form of festivals and concerts.

Laughlin III, co-founder of the Cabale Creamery, [45] established a kind of tribal, family identity among approximately fifty people who attended a traditional, all-night Native American peyote ceremony in a rural setting.

This ceremony combined a psychedelic experience with traditional Native American spiritual values; these people went on to sponsor a unique genre of musical expression and performance at the Red Dog Saloon in the isolated, old-time mining town of Virginia CityNevada.

Ten thousand people attended this sold-out event, with a thousand more turned away each night.

We have a private revolution going on. A revolution of individuality and diversity that can only be private. Upon becoming a group movement, such a revolution ends up with imitators rather than participants The Avalon Ballroom, the Fillmore Auditorium and other venues provided settings where participants could partake of the full psychedelic music experience.

Bill Ham, who had pioneered the original Red Dog light shows, perfected his art of liquid light projectionwhich combined light shows and film projection and became synonymous with the San Francisco ballroom experience. Gleason put it, "They danced all night long, orgiastic, spontaneous and completely free form.

Activity centered around the Diggersa guerrilla street theatre group that combined spontaneous street theatre, anarchistic action, and art happenings in their agenda to create a "free city".

By latethe Diggers opened free stores which simply gave away their stock, provided free food, distributed free drugs, gave away money, organized free music concerts, and performed works of political art. According to Cohen, those who took LSD "were not guilty of using illegal substancesThe Counterculture of the s Many college‐age men and women became political activists and were the driving force behind the civil rights and antiwar movements.

Other young people simply “dropped out” and separated themselves from mainstream culture through their appearance and lifestyle. Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and heartoftexashop.com In the mids, a never before seen hippie counter-culture blossomed throughout the United States, inciting both the Flower Power movement as well as the general revulsion of more straight-laced, Ward Cleaver-esque Americans.

• The counterculture movement divided the country.

An overview of the politics and culture of the 1960s hippie movement

The counterculture of the s gave rise to several independent or underground participatory democracy, community organizing and synthesis of politics and culture that the New Left of the midsixties was trying to develop.".

Hippie and psychedelic culture influenced s and early s young culture in Iron Curtain countries in Eastern Europe who told him that Yippies were the political wing of the hippie movement, as hippies have not "necessarily become political yet".

Regarding the political activity of hippies, Rubin said, "They mostly prefer to be stoned. The hippie cultural movement was an influential cultural movement that originated in the early s and became a major international collective as it grew in popularity and size.

Today, the term ‘hippie‘ is often used as a derogatory term and continues to be a complicated term that is often.

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