An introduction to the geography and culture of mauritania

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An introduction to the geography and culture of mauritania

The name of the country is derived from the Latin Mauretania, meaning "west," which corresponds to the Arab name of North Africa, Maghreb. The Romans referred to the Berber people as Maures.

The French occupied the country in in close cooperation with Maur religious leaders. As a result, the country has two main ethnic groups: The black African group includes the Fulani, Soninke, and Bambara.

The Haratins are black Africans who were enslaved by white Maurs. White and black Maurs consider themselves Arab, whereas black Arabs see themselves as African. The most important common denominator is Sunni Islam.

An introduction to the geography and culture of mauritania

Mauritania encompassessquare miles 1, square kilometersmore than three quarters of which is made up of the Sahara desert and the semiarid Sahelian zone. The remaining portion lies along the Senegal River Valley in the extreme south and southeast. The terrain consists of a plateau with vast sand dunes.

The climate is hot and dry with frequent sandstorms. The country borders Senegal to the south, Mali to the southeast, Algeria to the northeast, and the Western Sahara to the north.

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In the southern region, most people engage in agriculture and livestock raising. The people in the south are settled black African farmers, whereas in the north the people have a nomadic lifestyle.

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The capital, Nouakchott, is on the on the Atlantic coast. It was chosen a year before independence in Because the French wanted to transfer power to their Arab-Berber allies, the idea of having a major cities such as Rosso or Kaedi as the capital was ruled out.

As a result of ethnic clashes between pro-arabization groups and black Africans, the authorities have banned discussion of population issues to maintain the myth that Mauritania is the land of the Maurs with a tiny minority of black Africans. The most recent estimate of the population is 2. Because population growth in the black African communities in the south is much higher, white Arab-Berbers have become a minority.

According to the latest estimates of ethnic distribution, the Haratin community accounts for 40 to 45 percent of the total population, while the white Arab-Berbers account for 25 percent and black Africans 30 percent. There are four national languages.

Hassaniya is a mixture of Arabic and Berber and is the language of the white Maurs and the Haratin. Pulaar Fulani is spoken on the Atlantic coast and across the sahel-savannah zone. Soninke Sarakolle is spoken on the borders with Mali and Senegal. Wolof is widely spoken. Bambara is spoken in the southeast.

At independence, French became the official language and, inthe Arab-Berber regime made Arabic compulsory in primary and secondary education.

An introduction to the geography and culture of mauritania

This resulted in ethnic confrontation over the national language. That experiment was sabotaged by a palace coup in All Mauritanians self-identify themselves as Sunni Muslims of the Malkite rite and believe that their society is the most Islamic in Africa.

Mauritania is an Islamic republic whose basic law is the sharia, and the flag green with a yellow crescent and stars symbolizes Islam. Mauritanians believe that they have a mission to promote Islam and Islamic values throughout black Africa, and most symbols are linked to Islam.

Religious leaders and people from immigrant families symbolize power, intelligence, respect, and holiness.Mauritania is part of the west-Saharan region of West Africa. This area is known to have supported a flourishing culture in the centuries preceding Christianity.

Mauritania: Mauritania: geographical and historical treatment of Mauritania and palm tree culture has been considerably of the iron-ore reserves of Mount Ijill also contributed to a transformation of settlement patterns and the urban geography of Mauritania as migrant labourers from across the country and beyond were drawn to the mining.

Jan 12,  · Human Geography: People, Place, and Culture features beautifully designed maps, dozens of vibrant photographs taken by the author team, and author and guest field notes that help students see how geographers read cultural landscapes and use fieldwork to understand places.

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A newly designed demographic data table Format: Hardcover. Mauritania, a country in the western region of the continent of Africa, is generally flat, its 1,, square kilometres forming vast, arid plains broken by occasional ridges and clifflike outcroppings.

Mauritania, a country in the western region of the continent of Africa, is generally flat, its 1,, square kilometres forming vast, arid plains broken by occasional ridges and clifflike outcroppings. It borders the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara, Mali and Algeria. A lesser Developed Country Mauritania is a poorly developed country with a low GDP (gross domestic products) which totally depends on agricultures, livestock, which have been lately demolished by droughts. It has a purchasing power partly of $ billion, a GDP real growth rate of 4% which. Introduction:: MAURITANIA ; Background: Independent from France in , Mauritania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory. Geography - note: Mauritania is considered both a.

It borders the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara, Mali and Algeria. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara; consequently, the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher.

The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's million people. Tuareg - Introduction, Location, Language, Folklore, Religion, Major holidays, Rites of passage Mauritania to Nigeria.

Toggle navigation. Forum; Countries and Their Cultures; Mauritania to Nigeria; Tuareg It helped me very much on my Geography Report of Tuareg!

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Mauritania | People, Culture, & Facts | heartoftexashop.com