Italy The revival of Classical learning in Italy, which was so marked a feature of Italian culture during the 15th century, was paralleled by an equal passion for the beauty of Classical design in all the artistic fields; and when this eager delight in the then fresh and sensuous graciousness that is the mark of much Classical work—to the Italians of that time, seemingly the expression of a golden age—became universal, complete domination of the Classical ideal in art was inevitable. This turning to Classical models was less sudden and revolutionary than it seemed. Throughout the history of Romanesque and Gothic Italian art, the tradition of Classical structure and ornament still remained alive; again and again, in the 12th and 13th centuries Classical forms—the acanthus leaf, moulding ornaments, the treatment of drapery in a relief—are imitated, often with crudeness, to be sure, but with a basic sympathy for the old imperial Roman methods of design.
Youth[ edit ] Benvenuto Cellini was born in Florencein present-day Italy. They were married for eighteen years before the birth of their first child. Benvenuto was the second child of the family.
The son of a musician and builder of musical instruments, Cellini was pushed towards music, but when he was fifteen, his father reluctantly agreed to apprentice him to a goldsmithAntonio di Sandro, nicknamed Marcone.
At the age of sixteen, Benvenuto had already attracted attention in Florence by taking part in an affray with youthful companions. He was banished for six months and lived in Sienawhere he worked for a goldsmith named Fracastoro unrelated to the Veronese polymath.
From Siena he moved to Bolognawhere he became a more accomplished cornett and flute player and made progress as a goldsmith. Another celebrated work from Rome is the gold medallion of " Leda and the Swan " executed for the Gonfaloniere Gabbriello Cesarinoand which is now in the Museo Nazionale del Bargello in Florence.
His bravery led to a reconciliation with the Florentine magistrates,  and he soon returned to his hometown of Florence. Benvenuto Cellini, self-portrait, 61 x 48 cm, oil on paper and canvas, Tamoikin Art Fund From Florence he went to the court of the duke of Mantuaand then back to Florence.
On returning to Rome, he was employed in the working of jewellery and in the execution of dies for private medals and for the papal mint. In his brother Cecchino killed a Corporal of the Roman Watch and in turn was wounded by an arquebusierlater dying of his wound.
Through the influence of several cardinalsCellini obtained a pardon. The fourth victim was a rival goldsmith, Pompeo of Milan. Cellini is known to have taken some of his female models as mistresses, having an illegitimate daughter in with one of them while living in France, whom he named Costanza.
He could no longer silence his enemies by the sword, as he had silenced those in Rome. Final return to Florence and death[ edit ] After several years of productive work in France, but beset by almost continual professional conflicts and violence, Cellini returned to Florence.
Furthermore Cosimo commissioned him to make two significant bronze sculptures: InCellini was accused by a woman named Margherita, of having committed sodomy with her son, Vincenzo and he temporarily fled to seek shelter in Venice. This was not the first, nor the last time, that Cellini was implicated for sodomy once with a woman and at least three times with men during his lifeillustrating his strong homosexual or bisexual tendencies.
Shut up, you filthy sodomite! Cellini described this as an "atrocious insult", and attempted to laugh it off. He died in Florence on 13 May and was buried with great pomp in the church of the Santissima Annunziata. Statue of Cellini, Piazzale degli Uffizi, Florence Statues[ edit ] Besides his works in gold and silver, Cellini executed sculptures of a grander scale.
Only the bronze tympanum of this unfinished work, which represents the Nymph of Fontainebleau Paris, Louvrestill exists, but the complete aspect can be known through archives, preparatory drawings and reduced casts.
The decorative head is composed of lineaments of a satyr, lion and a man. The casting of this work caused Cellini much trouble and anxiety, but it was hailed as a masterpiece as soon as it was completed.
The original relief from the foot of the pedestal—Perseus and Andromeda —is in the Bargelloand replaced by a cast. Bycenturies of environmental pollution exposure had streaked and banded the statue.
In December it was removed from the Loggia and transferred to the Uffizi for cleaning and restoration. It was a slow process, and the restored statue was not returned to its home until June Decorative art and portraiture[ edit ] Among his art works, many of which have perished, were a colossal Mars for a fountain at Fontainebleau and the bronzes of the doorway, coins for the Papal and Florentine states, a life-sized silver Jupiterand a bronze bust of Bindo Altoviti.
The works of decorative art are florid in style.
Leda and the Swan. This intricate cm-high sculpture, of a value conservatively estimated at 58, schilling, was commissioned by Francis I. Its principal figures are a naked sea god and a woman, sitting opposite each other with legs entwined, symbolically representing the planet Earth.
Saliera was stolen from the Kunsthistorisches Museum on 11 May by a thief who climbed scaffolding and smashed windows to enter the museum.
The thief set off the alarms, but these were ignored as false, and the theft remained undiscovered until 8: On 21 January the Saliera was recovered by the Austrian police and later returned to the Kunsthistorisches Museum where it is now part of the Kunstkammer display.Perseus with the Head of Medusa is the famous statue by Benvenuto Cellini, found in Florence in piazza della Signoria, under the Loggia dei Lanzi, and one of the most important examples of Italian Mannerist sculpture.
Cellini, one of the greatest goldsmiths of the Renaissance, was commissioned by Cosimo I de’ Medici to sculpt this work in And we get to hear Cellini discussing the design and creation of classic works that still exist today, like the salt cellar, the Nymph of Fountainbleau, and his masterpiece, the statue Perseus, which he describes as so astonishing to the people of the day that they composed sonnets about it Reviews: the e-text of John Addington Symonds translation of the Autobiography Of Benvenuto Cellini -- Zoe Symonds, as it says, died in , and the book to which this is an introduction has been made available as a Project Gutenberg e-text.
Benvenuto Cellini and the Creation of Perseus Essay - Benvenuto Cellini and the Creation of Perseus My name is Bernardino Mannellini. I am now working .
Abstract. The statuary group of Perseus and Medusa by Benvenuto Cellini, kept in the “Loggia de’ Lanzi” in Florence, Italy, is a major artistic and metallurgical heartoftexashop.com present paper will outline the several links between the monumental casting work and the political and cultural situation of the time.
Perseus, bronze sculpture by Benvenuto Cellini, –54; in the Loggia dei Lanzi, Florence. Alinari/Art Resource, New York Florentine sculpture at the end of the 16th century was dominated by the Fleming Giambologna and by his shop assistants.